Would The U.S. Government Experiment On Its Soldiers Or Civilians?
by Donald S. McAlvaney, Editor,
McAlvaney Intelligence Advisor (MIA), August 1996
Unfortunately, the U.S. government and military have experimented on U.S. soldiers and civilians without their informed consent or knowledge on a number of occasions since 1945 and when caught or exposed, have gone into elaborate cover-up operations.
1. AGENT ORANGE – is perhaps the best known example of the U.S. military injuring or infecting its troops and then going into an elaborate cover-up operation which spanned over 20 years.
[ED. NOTE: Agent Orange was probably not an intentional experiment as much as a major mistake made by our military in VietNam].
Agent Orange was an herbicide widely used as a defoliant in the VietNam War that contains dioxin as a contaminant. Agent Orange accounted for over 60% of total herbicides disseminated over VietNam (11.7 million gallons of a total 19.4 million gallons). Upon returning from VietNam, thousands of Vets complained of neurological and mental problems, birth defects in children, and a host of mysterious medical problems. They also developed rare cancers.
For almost two decades, the U.S. government and the U.S. Army denied that there was any problem, telling the Vets they were suffering from stress and other psychological problems and that Agent Orange was not involved.
A class action lawsuit was filed by sick VietNam Vets in 1979 against the manufacturers of Agent Orange and was settled in 1984 for $180 million (no payments were received by the Vets until 1989 – many were dead by that time). It wasn’t until January 1991 – over 15 years after the VietNam War – that Congress finally authorized permanent disability benefits for Veterans who had been exposed to Agent Orange and now suffer from one or two rare cancers.
2. THE CIA DID MUCH ALTERING EXPERIMENTS ON U.S. AND CANADIAN CITIZENS IN THE 1950’s
The Orange County Register (11/19/92) wrote in an article entitled: “Canada To Pay Victims of U.S.-Funded Brainwashing”: The Canadian government has announced compensation for victims of brainwashing experiments that were conducted in the 1950s and 1960s with financing by the CIA.
The de-patterning experiments were carried out on about 80 people and who were drugged and subjected to electrical shocks and other experiments to clear their brains.
The experiments conducted at Montreal’s Allan Memorial Institute by psychiatrist Ewen Cameron from 1950 to 1965 were jointly financed by the Canadian government and the CIA.
The CIA wanted to learn about psychological de-programming and covertly gave Cameron money between 1957 and 1962. The rest was financed by Canada’s health-care grants program.
The U.S. Justice Dept. reached an out-of-court settlement in 1988 that gave similar compensation to nine Canadians who sued the United States for their treatment under Cameron’s CIA-financed experiments.
The New York Times (11/19/92) wrote in an article entitled: “Canada to Pay the Victims of Mind-Altering Treatment”: Canada has agreed to compensate victims of psychiatric experiments carried out mainly in the 1950s and financed in part by the Central Intelligence Agency.
The experiments began after some prisoners returned from the Korean War brainwashed, and Western intelligence agencies began studies and experiments on the nature and possibility of mind control. An institute at McGill University in Montreal, headed by Dr. D. Ewen Cameron, a psychiatrist who died in 1977, was one of the centers where such experiments were carried out.
Now, the Canadian government says the 80 or so patients who underwent the so-called “psychic driving” treatment in Montreal, intended to wipe the brain clear of all trauma, can receive almost $80,000 each.
The patients at the Allan Memorial Institute at McGill were put into a drugged sleep for weeks or months, subjected to electroshock therapy until they were “de-patterned,” knowing neither who or where they were, and forced to listen repeatedly to recorded messages broadcast from speakers on the wall or under their pillows.
In October 1988, the Justice Dept. announced an out-of-court settlement with Velma Orlikow and eight other victims, a total of $750,000. John Hedley, a CIA spokesman, commented: “It’s a sad episode that happened more than 30 years ago, and the case is closed.”
John Marks, a former State Dept. official whose 1979 book, The Search for the Manchurian Candidate”, called attention to the experiments, said that a CIA front called the Society for the Investigation of Human Ecology, funneled more than $60,000 to Dr. Cameron for the studies. Ottawa gave him more than $200,000.
The 11/7/88 New York Times carried an article entitled, “The CIA and the Evil Doctor”, which wrote: The Justice Department agreed last month to pay $750,000 to settle a lawsuit brought by nine victims of the Central Intelligence Agency’s brainwashing experiments in the 1950s. The research was conducted by the late Dr. D. Ewen Cameron, one of the most famous psychiatrists of his time.
What caught the Central Intelligence Agency’s eye was his comparison of ‘psychic driving’ to techniques of coerced interrogation and brainwashing. Using one its front organizations, the agency solicited a grant application from Dr. Cameron and funded his work. With the CIA funds, Dr. Cameron continued his experiments. Using patients who came to him for psychiatric treatment, but without disclosing that he was experimenting, he tried to break through patients’ resistance to the taped messages.
To this end, he induced severe regression in the patients, using combinations of extremely intensive electric shock, barbiturate-induced sleep for up to 60 days at a stretch, sensory deprivation and hallucinogenic drugs. These techniques left patients dazed, confused, incontinent and often in a state of utter panic. The CIA funding was secret.
The article concluded: “Let us be wary, then, not just of CIA abuses but of ambitious yet misguided experiments performed in the name of treatment”.
The CIA and U.S. Army have experimented on a number of innocent victims using LSD. On 8/9/79, the Washington Star, in an article entitled: “U.S. Agrees To Pay $1.7 Million To Veterans Given LSD”, wrote: The government has agreed to pay one of the largest private claims in history – $1.7 million – to an Army veteran who was given LSD without his knowledge or consent18 years ago.
[ED. NOTE: in 1961]. After concealing the facts of the case, failing to give the serviceman follow-up medical care and then fighting his claim in court, federal officials said this week that they would support special legislation to aid James R. Thornwell. The 41-year- old black veteran, now living in Oakland, CA, has suffered from psychiatric disorders and physical pain ever since he was given the psychedelic drug during Army experiments in Europe.
Court records show that Thornwell was the only American among 10 persons who received LSD in a covert Army drug-testing program known by the code name Operation Third Choice. The purpose of the experiments was to test the value of the hallucinogen as a “truth serum” in questioning Army intelligence sources.
The relief bill for Thornwell would provide $1.7 million, more than twice as much as the $750,000 award made in 1976 to the family of Frank R. Olson. Olson, a civilian biochemist who worked for the Army at Fort Detrick, MD, jumped to his death in 1953 after CIA agents laced his drink with LSD.
Thornwell won a college scholarship awarded to the most outstanding black student in his high school class and went to South Carolina State College for one year. He was stationed in France, at the Army message center in Orleans, when he was given LSD.
A 1961 Army report says that Thornwell was “interrogated with abusive and profane language, threatened with physical harm including death, referred to as a homosexual, not allowed to sleep …blindfolded, handcuffed and, at pistol point, taken to a place where he was subjected to very painful treatment.
Operation Third Choice was one phase of a larger program of LSD experimentation begun by the Army in the 1950s. In another phase, the drug was given to “volunteer” at the Army’s chemical warfare laboratories in the Edgewood, MD Arsenal.
The suicide or murder of Frank R. Olson, one of the nation’s top germ warfare scientists in 1953, is closely tied with the CIA’s LSD/mind control projects under a super secret CIA mind control project called MK-UL-TRA (the purpose of which was to investigate how to modify an individual’s behavior by covert means).
The Washington Post (11/29/94), in an article entitled, “New Study Yields Little on Death of Biochemist Drugged by the CIA” wrote: Scientists investigating the 1953 death of Frank R. Olson, an Army biochemist who plunged 13 stories after the CIA drugged him with LSD, announced yesterday that they doubted his death was a suicide but had uncovered no conclusive evidence to prove a murder.
Members of Olson’s family, who live in Frederick, MD, did not learn until 1975 that he had been drugged. They later received a $750,000 settlement from the government.
Olson plunged from a room at the Hotel Statler on Nov. 28, 1953, nine days after the CIA gave him LSD without his knowledge. The experiment was part of a CIA program known as MK-ULTRA to study the effects of LSA and other drugs for intelligence and military purposes.
After learning he was given the mind-bending drug, Olson sank into a paranoid depression. He told his Army superiors he wanted to quit his job as one of the nation’s top germ-warfare scientists, and his family now says they believe he was slain because he had become a security risk.
The Los Angeles Times (9/29/76) wrote in an article entitled: “LSD Death Compensation”: The Senate passed and sent to the White House Tuesday a bill to pay $750,000 to the family of Army scientist Frank Olson, of Frederic, MD, who leaped to his death in 1953, after being given LSA as part of a CIA drug experiment. As the Washington Post (7/12/94) wrote: President Ford invited Olson’s family to the White House in 1975, to personally apologize for the CIA’s use of Frank Olson in an experiment without his permission. Also the government paid the family $750,000 to settle their claim that the CIA was responsible for what was then believed to be a suicide.
And regarding still another case, the Los Angeles Times (7/12/91), in an article entitled, “Pentagon OK’s Paying Ex-GI Given LSD”, wrote: More than 30 years after an Army sergeant unwittingly submitted to experiments with LSD, the Defense Dept. has dropped its opposition to compensating him for health problems, lost income and behavioral changes. James Stanley of West Palm Beach, FL, 57, learned in 1975 that he had been given LSD to drink during interviews he underwent in the Army in 1958. He sued in 1977 for damages, but the Supreme Court rejected his suit.
[ED. NOTE: So what’s the point of these articles on the CIA-US Army illegal LSD/mind control experiments on unsuspecting military personnel and civilians? It is that if they secretly and illegally experimented on soldiers and civilians in the past, with total disregard for their lives, they might do it again – – as in the Desert Storm War. The complete text of these articles can be retrieved at any large public library.
Two excellent books (for those wishing to do more study in this subject area) which analyze in depth and document these experiments are:
1) Journey into Madness: the True Story of Secret CIA Mind Control and Medical Abuse, by Gordon Thomas. Bantam, NY, 1989; and
2) The Search for the Manchurian Candidate: the CIA and Mind Control (The Story of the Agency’s Secret Efforts to Control Human Behavior), by John Marks (co-author of The CIA and the Cult of Intelligence.
3. THE U.S. MILITARY DID NUCLEAR RADIATION EXPERIMENTS ON U.S. TROOPS IN THE 1950’S
A 5/27/91 Los Angeles Times article entitled: “Leukemia Victim Searches for Other Atomic Veterans”, wrote: Richard Jenkins recalls staring with wide-eyed wonder as one gigantic mushroom cloud after another fanned into the blue skies above the West Pacific’s Marshall Islands 33 years ago. At the time, Jenkins, now a custom boat builder, did not realize that the explosions would cast a pall over his life.
As a Navy radio operator aboard the destroyer Mansfield during the military’s nuclear testing, called Operation Hardtack, Jenkins was within a 30-mile range when 30 nuclear bombs were detonated in 1958. At 52, he now suffers from mild leukemia, live and kidney disorders and has undergone surgery for cataracts. He has also battled digestive tract problems and chronic fatigue off and on for the last 20 years.
It was not until 1988 – – when the Dept. of Veterans Affairs acknowledged that radiation from those explosions could cause leukemia and 12 other cancers – – that he found what he believes is the root of his medical trouble. Jenkins was one of about 200,000 military personnel who participated in 235 atomic blasts detonated after World War II in the West Pacific and Nevada. The government said that only about 1,700 of them were exposed to larger doses of radiation than now allowed under federal occupational guidelines for radiation workers.
[ED. NOTE: And the government would never lie to protect itself, would it?]
A federally-funded study released in 1985 showed that military witnesses of a single 1957 atom bomb explosion suffered abnormally high death rates from leukemia. The report also concluded that scientists cannot convincingly either affirm or deny that leukemia deaths are radiation-related. Nevertheless, legislation in 1988 established a link between veterans’ radiation exposure and health problems, naming leukemia and 12 other cancers for which the veterans can receive treatment and benefits.
Jenkins, Oscar Rosen (National Commander of the Association of Atomic Veterans), and others in the 4,000-member association say they were used as human test animals in experiments designed to measure their reactions to radiation exposure. “We feel we were used as guinea pigs”, Rosen said. “The military calls them tests, but we call them experiments.”
The military admits that it was testing the personnel’s psychological responses to the mushroom clouds they watched take shape, said Navy Capt. William J. Flor, who heads the government’s effort at the Defense Nuclear Agency to contact atomic veterans. Although the military monitored individuals’ exposure to radiation during the nuclear blasts, the government does not acknowledge that it tested their physical endurance.
Operation Hardtack was a series of 35 nuclear tests in 1958, all but two of which were detonated in Eniwetok and the Bikini Islands in the Marshall Islands, government documents say. Jenkins was among about 300 on board his ship who were issued protective sunglasses and badges with film to register exposure to radiation.
The sailors stood on deck and watched atomic bombs explode from 15 miles away, Jenkins said. So they moved the ship closer and told us to go to the other side of the ship. When they returned to the side closest to the blast, paint had peeled back from the heat, he said.
The personnel had to wear the film badges on cords around their necks. When the film turned from black to a reddish color, Jenkins said, the sailors were taken off duty, washed down and detoxified. Then, he say, they were issued new badges and sent back to work. Their exposure was measured while they were on active duty, but no records were kept after their discharges.
Because Jenkins and other atomic veterans had injuries that did not show up for decades after their discharge, they would not otherwise have been eligible for VA benefits unless they were indigent, officials said.
This year, Jenkins was denied disability compensation by the Dept. of Veterans Affairs. His letter of denial said he was ineligible because he had not developed symptoms of any of the 13 cancers while on active duty. When you see the bumper stickers that says, “One nuclear bomb can ruin your whole day”, I’m living proof. It has ruined 20 years of my life.
[ED. NOTE: This writer has talked with, and had letters from families of men who were part of those nuclear radiation experiments. One woman told of her father and a number of his fellow troops being placed miles from the Nevada nuclear tests (i.e. from ground zero) with minimum protection. Her father later died of cancer, along with a number of his friends who underwent the experiments].
4. THE U.S. EXPERIMENTED ON ESKIMOS IN THE 1960’S.
The Orange County Register (5/4/93) in an article entitled: “Eskimos Used in 1950s Drug Tests”, wrote: The U.S. government subjected more than 100 Alaskan villagers to radioactive drugs in the 1950s as part of a medical experiment to find out whether soldiers could better survive in arctic conditions, Cable News Network said Monday.
The CNN Special report said doctors hired by the U.S. military gave pills containing small doses of iodine to 102 Eskimos and Indians to measure its effect on their thyroid glands, but did not explain to them what they were doing.
No one know whether people suffered medical ailments from the testing because the military did not follow up with another visit.
Some of the people from six native villages in Alaska who were part of the tests told CNN they thought the military had been studying Alaskan diets.
Senator Frank Murkowski said he wants the government to investigate. The implication of people being used as human guinea pigs is something we simply have got to find the answer to, the Alaskan Republican told CNN.
The Los Angeles Times (5/4/93) carried a similar article entitled, “Eskimos Got Radioactive Drugs in Medical Testing, Report Says”, which wrote that: The U.S. military doctors did not explain to the Alaskans what they were doing.
5. THE U.S. GOVERNMENT SECRETLY RADIATED HEALTHY PEOPLE IN THE 1940’S
On 1/19/95 The New York Times carried an incredible article entitled, “Healthy People Secretly Poisoned in ’40s Tests”, which confirms that radiation experiments were run on unknowing U.S. citizens.
Some patients injected with small amounts of radioactive substances in experiments at the University of Rochester at the dawn of the atomic age were not terminally ill, according to documents unearthed by a Presidential panel. The findings contradicted statements by the experimenters that the patients had not been expected to live very long, said the panel, the President’s Advisory Committee on Human Radiation Experiments, which made the documents public today. The panel also said patients were not informed of the experiments.
In connection with the Manhattan Project to build the atomic bomb, at least 31 patients were injected with radioactive plutonium, uranium, polonium, americium or zirconium, the advisory committee determined.
Robert Loeb, public information director at Strong Memorial Hospital at the University of Rochester Medical Center, said that the experiments had indeed been conducted there but all patients and researchers involved were now dead.
The investigating committee, a panel of ethicists, historians and scientists, was appointed by President Clinton to search all Government agencies for information about experiments on humans using radiation. The action came after Congressional hearings and a disclosure in 1993 by The Albuquerque Tribune of experiments in which plutonium was injected into 18 people.
After months of searching, the committee has collected about 200 cubic feet of documents that have led to a revision of the medical and ethical history of the early atomic era.
Stephen Klaidman, a committee spokesman, said, we have no idea that the subjects of these experiments were not terminally ill, not suffering from cancer, and may not even have been chronically ill. He added that they were doing experiments of unknown risk on people who potentially had a full, long life ahead of them.
At the University of Rochester, 11 patients were injected with plutonium; six or more were injected with uranium; and five were given polonium. At least nine other patients at other universities and hospitals around the country received similar single injections of radioactive substances.
Scientists did not choose terminally ill patients for the experiments at Rochester, as some of them said later, but selected relatively healthy hospital patients, including an 18-year-old-boy, to be injected with plutonium, uranium, and other radioactive substances, the documents show. The experiments were intended to show what type or amount of exposure would cause damage to normal people in a nuclear war.
The patients in the experiments carried out from 1945 to 1947 were never told they were being experimented on, according to reports, Dr. Patricia Durbin wrote for the Atomic Energy Commission in 1971.
[ED. NOTE: Would the U.S. government test dangerous radioactive materials on unsuspecting, unknowing U.S. civilians and military personnel? History confirms that they would and did! Would the U.S. government test biologicals on unsuspecting, unknowing U.S. civilians and military personnel? What do you think?]
Joyce Riley has said, “I have verified that mycoplasma was used as a research item on private citizens by the University of Maryland in 1970. I have the actual ad from the newspaper back in 1970 that says it was a vaccine safety test. It says, ‘If you would like to come to our pleasant surroundings and make $20 per day at the University of Maryland, etc.’ I have talked with participants in that test who are today very ill with GWI symptoms.”
Scientists have been using mycoplasmas experimentally as a transmission agent because they are transferred very easily from man to man, woman to woman, throughout the population and it doesn’t cause much of an immediate problem if you have a strong immune system. It is also being tested on prison populations (see the book: “Drug Experimentation on Prisoner: Ethical, Economic, or Exploitative”, by Peter B. Meyer, Lexington Books, 1975).